100 Years Later

Hyde Park 217 pages

1904
1880s Heartsease
1876 Philadelphia Centennial
1865 Van Ingen Arrives & Vassar Female Academy Opens
1862 Arrival of Fredrick Rondel
1850s Education
Ancestry 17th & 18th Century
Christmas Day 1852
Christmas Eve 1840

1904

The year...
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1880s Heartsease

At this time...
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1862 Arrival of Fredrick Rondel

Paris-born and educated Frederick Rondel arrived in Poughkeepsie by January, 1862. He taught at Cottage Hill Seminary for young ladies, he offered lessons from his home, he painted Hudson Valley subjects, and he was retained by Matthew Vassar and started work in 1863 to depict Vassar's ancestral homes in three paintings.
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1850s Education

Caroline explained to her sister in a letter that she was walking from their LaGrange home, Heartsease, to the Poughkeepsie Female Academy on Cannon Street, each school day. While her aunt got her started with drawing books, she would have had more formal education under a Miss Dudgeon.
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Ancestry 17th & 18th Century

Caroline's paternal line can be traced to Samuel Clowes who was born in England in 1674, arriving in New York in 1697. Her maternal line includes the Hart and Hall families who were early settlers of Connecticut. The Clowes, Hart and Hall families were all settled in Hempstead, Long Island by early 1700s.
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Christmas Day 1852

Benjamin and Elizabeth Hart raised Caroline with seven of their own children at the LaGrange farm they called “Heartsease.” Home to what grew into an international apple business over three generations, they created a culture that was ambitious in business, art, and society, but compassionate, humble, and nurturing. Also living at Heartsease was Elizabeth Hart’s mother, Elizabeth (1780-1858) and her sister, Louisa Adelia Nichols (1818-1892), whom Caroline called “Miss Nichols.”...
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Christmas Eve 1840

Caroline's parents, William J. Clowes (1802-1881) and Elizabeth Ann Nichols (1809-1840) had three children. Lydia in 1836. Caroline in 1838. And Ellen in 1840. Her mother, Elizabeth, died on Christmas Eve, 1840, having just written a letter to each of her three children aware she was dying. Infant Ellen died a few months later. Caroline and her sister Lydia were raised by their single-parent father until Caroline was 13 and...
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