1777 Regional Map
Wallingford Jamaica Hempstead Goshen

Wallingford

Wallingford, just north of New Haven.

Hart English ancestors originally settled near Hartford in the 17th century. Caroline’s maternal grandparents, shown above, were the Rev. Seth Hart (1763-1832) and Ruth Hall Hart (1770-1841). Rev. Hart graduated from Yale, New Haven, in 1784. He was known as a classical scholar, teaching Latin and Greek as well as other subjects in addition to carrying out his main duties as an Episcopal minister. His first responsibilities were in the church in Wallingford, Connecticut, the birthplace of Ruth Hall, just north of New Haven (indicated on the map). 

Jamaica

Jamaica in Queens County was the destination of English immigrant, and

Caroline’s great-great-great-grandfather, Samuel Clowes. Clowes was a counsellor-at-law in England and received instruction from mathematician Flamstead, for whose use Greenwich Observatory was erected. He and his wife arrived in New York in 1697 and by 1702 was living in Jamaica, Queens County, in the roles of “Clerk of Peace,” County Clerk, and Trustee of Highways. He was a surveyor doing extensive work in Jamaica and Hempstead. Clowes was active in founding, and supporting, the first Episcopal Church on Long Island, Grace Church in Jamaica (image above). We know Clowes was a slaveholder as 1714 Church records show the baptism of “James and Sarah, Negroes of Samuel Clowes.” In addition to his active life in Jamaica, around 1712 he purchased, with a partner, lands equaling four of the thirteen parts if the vast Minisink Patent in Orange and Sullivan Counties, and laid out and founded the township of Goshen in 1714.

Hempstead

Rev. Seth Hart then relocated to Hempstead with his wife, Ruth Hall Hart, in 1800.  Hart was Rector of St. George's Church in Hempstead from that time to 1829, and was responsible for the 1829 construction of the church building that stands today. From: The Descendants of Rev. Thomas Hooker, Hartford, CT.

Goshen

Goshen, Orange County. In addition to his active life in Jamaica, around 1712 he purchased with a partner lands equaling four of the thirteen parts if the vast Minisink Patent in Orange and Sullivan Counties, and laid out and founded the township of Goshen in 1714.