The Men, Women & Children of Hyde Park's New Guinea Community Before the Civil War
DCHS started its study of the New Guinea Community in earnest with the 1939 publication of an article in the DCHS Yearbook by local historian Henry Hackett who had purchased and consolidated the New Guinea lots along Fredonia Lane. This 2022 addition of a video documentary, an online trail, and republication of pro and anti-slavery arguments at the time from New Guinea neighbors, are the latest in a long commitment to learn from these extraordinary men, women and children who transformed themselves from legally being property, to being property owners and owners of their own destiny.
Online New Guinea Trail:
Or scroll up and down over image below to navigate through the map:
Click the button saying "To Best View Online Trail Click Here..." and a new window will open, or just scroll down over the embedded version below, and you will see the map.
Section 1 has 21 "stops" and section 2 has 8 "stops" and if you start at the beginning the second section will emerge seamlessly.
But if at any point you want to go to the start of either section, you may do so using those tabs that read "Jump to A Bright Spark Emerges" or "Jump to A Bright Spark Fades" as shown above. They appear at the top of the online trail.
DCHS was pleased to launch the New Guinea Trail on February 17, 2022 with a Professor and group of students from Columbia University who were visiting the site.
A Community Literally at the Center
of the Debate Over Slavery
Below: Better understand the national arguments that drove the country to the deadly Civil War, and you will better understand the environment the people of New Guinea faced both in opposition to, and in support of, their most urgent cause for freedom and equality.
To the West
Splendor & slavery.
The site of today's Vanderbilt Estate, due west of New Guinea, was originally owned by three generations of the Bard family: John, Samuel and William, before being sold to David Hossack. Just to the north, the estate Placentia was owned by Nathaniel Pendleton, the sold outside the family to James K. Paulding. In the years before slavery was abolished in New York in 1827, the Bards and Pendleton households owned slaves. Although Paulding arrived after 1827, was an outspoken advocate of slavery and published a national argument in 1836.
To the East
Simplicity & abolition.
The site of the Crum Elbow Meeting House and cemetery are the site of the graves of Peter and Sarah DeGarmo, parents of the widely published abolitionist James Marshall DeGarmo who was born in Hyde Park, and they were parents to the lesser published, but outspoken abolitionist Elizabeth or "Lizzie" DeGarmo who is laid to rest near her parents grave. James Marshall DeGarmo is buried in Poughkeepsie.