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A Community Literally at the Center
of the Debate Over Slavery
Below: Better understand the national arguments that drove the country to the deadly Civil War, and you will better understand the environment the people of New Guinea faced both in opposition to, and in support of, their most urgent cause for freedom and equality.
To the West
Splendor & slavery.
The site of today’s Vanderbilt Estate, due west of New Guinea, was originally owned by three generations of the Bard family: John, Samuel and William, before being sold to David Hossack. Just to the north, the estate Placentia was owned by Nathaniel Pendleton, the sold outside the family to James K. Paulding. In the years before slavery was abolished in New York in 1827, the Bards and Pendleton households owned slaves. Although Paulding arrived after 1827, was an outspoken advocate of slavery and published a national argument in 1836.
To the East
Simplicity & abolition.
The site of the Crum Elbow Meeting House and cemetery are the site of the graves of Peter and Sarah DeGarmo, parents of the widely published abolitionist James Marshall DeGarmo who was born in Hyde Park, and they were parents to the lesser published, but outspoken abolitionist Elizabeth or “Lizzie” DeGarmo who is laid to rest near her parents grave. James Marshall DeGarmo is buried in Poughkeepsie.